Friday, April 21, 2006


Ripe pineapples have a deliciously sweet flavor.Choose pineapples by their "pineapple" fragrance, and with some golden yellow color. They should be heavy for their size and have no soft spots. Pineapples do not ripen once they have been cut from the plant, so select ripe ones at the time of purchase. They also contain a digestive enzyme, bromelain. With the exception of vitamin C and Potassium.

  • It should be planted where the temperature remains warmest, such as the south side of a home, or in a sunny portion of the garden.
  • The best soil for the pineapple is a friable, well-drained sandy loam with a high organic content.
  • The pH should be within a range of 4.5 to 6.5. Soils that are not sufficiently acid can be treated with sulfur to achieve the desired level. The plant cannot stand waterlogging and if there is an impervious subsoil, drainage needs to be improved.
    The plant is surprisingly drought tolerant, but adequate soil moisture is necessary for good fruit producti
  • It is difficult to tell when the pineapple is ready to be harvested. Some people judge ripeness and quality by snapping a finger against the side of the fruit. A good, ripe fruit has a dull, solid sound. Immaturity and poor quality are indicated by a hollow thud.

The fruit should be stored at 45° F or above, but should be stored for no longer than 4 - 6 weeks.


Thursday, April 20, 2006

Black wallnut

The common walnut is believed to have descended from trees native to Persia. The trees are very attractive, and can be seen in groves around old farms in New York.
The meat of black walnuts has a very distinct flavor. In addition, the wood from a black walnut tree is used in the construction of fine furniture.
Black walnuts grow best in deep, rich loam. They also require considerable moisture at the roots, and succeed best in bottomlands, near creeks and larger streams.
The black walnut is attacked by insects, including the walnut husk maggot and nut weevil. The leaves of the walnut tree are enjoyed by the Regal moth caterpillar. Leaf spots and cankers can also affect walnut trees.

The black walnut secretes a substance from its roots called "juglone." Juglone causes reactions in some plants that range from sensitivity to outright toxicity. For example, many garden plants such as tomato do not like to be planted near black walnut.
Black walnuts are picked up by hand soon after the nuts fall from the tree. The husks are then removed as soon as possible. But be forewarned: walnut husks will stain your hands brown for days and even weeks. An easy method of husk removal is to place them in a driveway, where cars can crush the husks, but allow the nuts to remain undamaged.

After the husks are removed and the fruit is dry, keep it in a dry, airy, vermin-proof shed in boxes or bins.

Wednesday, April 19, 2006


Cherries are a type of tree fruit known as a stone fruit, as are peaches, plums, they are delicious and are used in baking, cooking, or fresh eating. They are the very particular about site selection. They do best in deep rich loams. Good air and water drainage is necessary. Plant on a gentle slope to allow cold air to drain, protecting the trees from frost.
Plant sweet cherries in rows that are 30 feet apart with 24 feet between each plant.Training and pruning will be necessary for good production
Cherries are susceptible to a fungus, along with several troublesome viruses. They are also prone to black knot, characterized by black, rough enlargements on the twigs. The most common insect found on cherry trees is the cherry maggot or the cherry fruit fly.
Cherries are not an easy crop to grow for a number of reasons:

  • They are particularly attractive to birds, partly because they are one of the first fruits to ripen.
  • Pollination is difficult, since they are self-incompatible and wet weather at flowering can also dramatically reduce set.
  • rain at or near harvest will cause fruit splitting.
  • they are susceptible to difficult-to-control diseas .

Cherries do not ripen after picking and need to be picked close to maturity. You can enjoy them fresh or make preserves. Only excellent quality fruit should be preserved. Many people feel that the taste of cherry pie is worth the trouble of growing cherries


Tuesday, April 18, 2006

The Tropic Coconut
The familiar coconut palm is almost everywhere a symbol of the Tropics. Both green and ripe fruits are available the year around, for the coconut palm bears fruit continuously.

Perhaps one of the coconut's greatest worldwide uses is as a source of the cooking oil extracted from the ripe meat. But coconut can be grated for soups and puddings, desserts and candies, or just eaten
The coconut is common in the Tropics. Coconuts must be propagated from seed. Plants need full sun and a nearby water supply. Trees are planted 25 -35 feet apart Fruits are produced for 60-70 years.

Coconut black beetles, palm weevils, and leaf eating beetles will cause the most damage. Coconuts can get bud disease, lethal bole rot, and lethal yellowing.

It will take about 6 years before the tree produces fruit. The plant reached maximum productivity in another 5-10 years. Ripe coconuts are picked 11 or 12 months after


Monday, April 17, 2006

The Okra Pods.
A pod no more than four inches long is ideal -- any longer and they become tough – although there are some varieties now with pods that remain tender up to about six inches in length. As the days grow warmer and longer, the okra bushes grow taller and begin to put on their lovely yellow blooms and their delicious seedpods. A garden is incomplete without its row of okra. It is definitely a warm weather crop
okra can grow to a height of six or seven feet. .
  • Okra plants have a strong central stem with large green leaves. At the junction of each leaf stem a blossom will emerge and produce the okra pods.
  • Itshould be harvested when they are young and tender..

  • Harvesting okra has to be done by hand. It’s not a nice job. The plants have prickly hairs on them and attract all manner of insects. Best to wear long sleeves and gloves when you cut your okra.

  • If you are buying your okra, look for small, green pods. If the pods have a lot of black and brown spots on them, pass them by. Best place to find okra is at farmers market where fresh produce is brought in every day.
    Frozen okra is okay for stews and gumbo, but the breaded okra for frying is at best a poor substitute for the real thing.

  • It’s not a lot of trouble to work with fresh okra. First thing when you get your okra home is to wash it in cool water. Dump it in a sink of cool water or large bowl. Swish it around to remove any debris. Drain it in a sieve.

  • You cut the stem end off all the pods. On the small pods, you can leave the small end or “tail”. The tail . I
  • t’s too tough for cooking if its hard to cut with a sharp knife. gets tough on larger pods.


Saturday, April 15, 2006

The tomato is a plant in the nightshade family. It's short-lived , grown as an annual plant, with a weakly woody stem that usually scrambles over other plants. The flowers are yellow, with five pointed lobes on the corolla. The fruit is an edible, brightly coloure berry.
The tomato is now grown world-wide for its edible fruits, with thousands of cultivars having been selected with varying fruit types, and for optimum growth in differing growing conditions. Cultivated tomatoes vary in size from cherry tomatoes, , up to 'beefsteak' tomatoes 10 cm or more in diameter. Most cultivars produce red fruit, but a number of cultivars with yellow or orange fruit are also available.
Tomatoes are one of the most common garden vegetables , and have a reputation for outproducing the needs of the grower.Quite a few seed merchants and banks provide a large selection of heirloom seeds. Tomato seeds are occasionally organically produced as well, but only a small percentage of organic crop acreage is grown with organic seed.


Orange A Citrus Friut.

All citrus trees are of a single genus, Citrus, and remain largely interbreedable; that is, there is only one "superspecies" which includes lemons and limes as well as oranges. Nevertheless names have been given to the various members of the citrus family, oranges often being referred to as Citrus sinensis and Citrus aurantium. All members of the genus Citrus are considered berries because they have many seeds, are fleshy, soft and derive from a single ovary.
A number of cultivars of orange are now cultivated widely. The sweet orange was first grown in Spain, and has become the most popular variety. The sweet orange will grow to different sizes and colors due to local conditions, most commonly with ten carpels inside.Orange cultivation is a major business, and an important part of the economies.
Oranges grow on evergreen trees that reach a mature size of 30 feet high and 20 feet wide. The branches of many orange trees are thorny.


Friday, April 14, 2006

Soursop .
The pulp of this fruit is creamy and may be eaten as is or used to make ice cream and as a juice. The fruit is large, can weigh as much as six pounds, and take between 20 and 25 weeks to reach maturity. The tree of this fruit may reach a height of about thirty feet
The fruit is fragrant, firm, and it has a snowy-white flesh of a fine texture. They are generally conical to heart shaped, and may weigh up to 5 pounds. The pulp has fewer seeds than the sugar apple and the flesh is not divided into segments. The yield may be increased through hand pollination.


Thursday, April 13, 2006

Tips On Groundnut.
Groundnut a shell like pod from a leguminous bushy or creeping small annual, Arachis hypogea, with the peculiar habit of ripening its fruit underground. It is the second largest source of vegetable oil after soybean,
a relative of the peanut .
The cooked tubers are reported to be high in starch and protein; the pea-type seedpods are also edible. It's a good example of why we need to save all the weeds, it has been considered a bit of a nuisance and has been overlooked as a food crop. However, it's now being re-investigated because it's easy to grow and yields both roots and seed pods of high food value. The flowers are pretty too.


Wednesday, April 12, 2006

Writing in the garden.

To write as one should, one must not write outside it or merely somewhere near it, but in the garden. A good garden posseses a doule impact of colourful spring flowers and lush clumps of shining evergreen foliage. These are stir-ups of love and good work, reminding us of beautiful days of special opportunities shouting out a special massege which tells us to always be appriciative to God for his creation and for ourself ,communually . Truly friends, I must say that gardens are one of the most beautiful things God created and (for reasons best known to him) .
As a mater of fact it my brith day !.
I lv you all.

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Pot Planting.
A flowering bouquet kind of falls on its face if it isn't flowering. To avoid container lulls, plant flowers that stay in bloom for extended periods. Lobelia, a long bloomer, thrives in partial sun. Says David, "Sometimes we plant strawberry jars in coordinating colors, but masses of one color is my favorite way."
You can tuck vegetables such as strawberries, tomatoes, parsley and pepper into your bouquets, but they are heavy feeders and need extra fertilizer. Dressing up these edibles are southernwood, pink and white nicotiana, lobelia, viola, petunia and dahlia. This pot requires full sun.
By grouping plants according to their cultural needs, you will accomplish two things: You will assure that they grow and thrive. And you will make your life a whole lot easier.
1. First, cover the drainage hole with pebbles, broken clay pots or packing "peanuts." The peanuts make the completed pot lighter and easier to transport. Make sure to use the truly peanut-shaped little noodles, not the concave or hollow ones, which will hold water and possibly rot roots. Fill with potting mix to planting depth.

2. Plant the central upright plant, the tallest one. In this case, it's the daisylike marguerite. It does not have to be placed in the center of the pot. If the pot is to be shoved up against a wall or backdrop, put the tall plant in the back.
3. Plant the skirt. Add soil and position low trailers and cascading plants around the edge.
4. Tuck in mid-level plants, sweeping around your star-performer and rising to greet it. Water thoroughly, avoiding blossoms and leaves. Add more soil if settling occurs. And remember to deadhead as the season progresses.

Tuesday, April 11, 2006

The great avocado.
The avocado is a dense, evergreen tree, shedding many leaves in early spring. It is fast growing and can with age reach 80 feet. Growth is in frequent flushes during warm weather. Injury to branches causes a secretion of dulcitol, a white, powdery sugar, at scars. Roots are coarse and greedy and will raise pavement with age. Grafted plants normally produce fruit within one to two years compared to 8 - 20 years for seedlings. Avocado leaves are alternate, glossy, elliptic and dark green with paler veins. They normally remain on the tree for 2 to 3 yearsAvocado flowers appear in January - March before the first seasonal growth.The flowers attract bees and hoverflies and pollination usually good except during cool weather. Off-season blooms may appear during the year and often set fruit. Some cultivars bloom and set fruit in alternate years.Avocado trees like loose, decomposed granite or sandy loam best. They will not survive in locations with poor drainage. The trees grow well on hillsides and should never be planted in stream beds. They are tolerant of acid or alkaline soil. In containers use a planting mix combined with topsoil. Plastic containers should be avoided. It is also useful to plant the tub with annual flowers to reduce excess soil moisture and temperature. Container plants should be leached often to reduce salts. Avocado trees may not need irrigation during the winter rainy season, but watch for prolonged mid-winter dry spells.

Saturday, April 08, 2006

Garden With In A Garden .
"Accent" containers, which feature a prominent, eye-catching plant not usually seen in pots, such as a shrub rose or even an evergreen tree.
"Movable gardens," a collection of different-sized pots and plants that look good .
These gardens-within-a-garden were all placed near entryways at homes . Care was taken in selecting the pots, too—they are all rather decorative, and they are all rather large.
Maybe the most endearing attribute of container planting is its mobility. This feature can be exploited to make you seem to be a better gardener than you actually are.
Pots can be rotated, with showy blooming containers coming to the fore while languishing, transitional plantings are exiled to a restorative site. Groupings can be shuffled around, like rearranging furniture, for altogether new looks. And if company's coming tomorrow and your containers are not just so, it's easy to zip out an underwhelming or underperforming plant and plop in a replacement flower that just happens to be in full glory.


Friday, April 07, 2006

Root And tube Food.
Tubes and roots are being harvested long before they were cropped. Once domesticated, the plants travelled from one continent to another.
The processing of some of these plants into food, like cassava, is an important work which is generally entrusted to women. Research workers aim at making it simpler. Factories have been set up to improve processing, conservation and supply to towns in tropical countries
the natural proprety of roots and tubers is to supply carbohydrates. They have very low protein and lipid contents and need therefore to be complemented with other food products.


Papaya – Also called PawPaw. The papaya is a short-lived, fast-growing, tree that can grow up to 10 or 12 feet in height. The flesh is bright orange or pinkish, depending on variety, with small black seeds clustered in the center.
Pawpaws are very popular in tropical fruit salads. They are also made into juices, jams and icecreams.
In the tropics, pawpaw leaves are wrapped round meat to tenderise it during cooking. This property of the leaves is due to a protein-degrading enzyme, papain, contained in the plant's milky latex. This latex is collected as it oozes from slits made in the stem bark or the immature fruits.
It is used medicinally to aid digestion as well as in the treatment of slipped discs. Some brands of beer are treated with papain to break down proteins which would cause haziness on chilling.
It is also used in the manufacture of chewing gum, toothpaste and cosmetics, including face-lifting treatments.
In the textile industry papain is used during the cleaning of silk and to impart shrink resistance to wools.
In the tropics, people have found many and various medicinal uses for pawpaw, providing treatments for complaints ranging from rheumatism to warts. Strips of the fruit are laid on infected wounds to make use of its germicidal properties.
It does have certain adverse side-effects - its latex is irritant and can cause dermatitis and severe stomach upsets. The fruit can also give rise to allergic reactions.


Monday, April 03, 2006

Gardener .
Much of the work done in the garden must be done by hand, and the gardeners spend many hours up to their knees in water, using floating zinc baths as wheelbarrows.
In summer the paths are mown weekly, and a great deal of time is spent in routine tasks like edging - there is three-quarters of a mile of edging to be done, twice a month, again by hand. The clusters of water-lilies and other floating aquatics have to be carefully controlled to keep the surrounding water flowing freely. And, of course, there's always plenty of weeding.
In autumn, most plants are cut right back to the ground and the team begins pumping silt from the lake. And in winter a regular programme of maintenance is carried out to prevent the bank from being undermined by the garden's busy shedules
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